“Sustainable Marocco” Project • 2016 – 2017Luca Bazzanella
- Tearing fertile land away from desertification and abandonment caused by climate change and the migration of farmers abroad.
- Making the most of the scarce resources in the area with innovative irrigation systems, resistant rootstocks and the use of renewable energy.
- Bring prosperity to local communities with a fair distribution of income in trade.
ADA • Agence pour le Dèveloppement Agricole
DESERT LAND RECLAMATION
Thousands of hectares throughout North Africa are now exploited by large farms for intensive fruit growing until water resources and soil fertility decline dramatically over the years, leading to their gradual abandonment and desertification. Sustainable Economy aims to recover this land, in collaboration with local communities, through the introduction of new drought-resistant plant species and new organic farming technologies. All this implies an important step forward for the economic and social growth of rural communities (the most exposed to the phenomenon of mass migration to the European continent). The premises are no longer involved as underpaid labourers as in the case of large company divisions, but as partners who actively participate in the management of the field, the sale of products and the management of the resources to be reinvested. They thus become an active part of the business process by acquiring new skills, responsibilities and a fair salary.
RECONSTRUCTION INTERVENTIONS THAT RESPECT LOCAL TRADITIONS
Sustainable Economy, thanks to local partner companies, supports the reconstruction of small rural structures that are essential to ensure the resumption of disused productive activities of livestock, agriculture and crafts. The methods used in the reconstruction are the traditional ones, far from the modern cementification typical of urban agglomerations. The structure is in most cases made up of stones or bricks assembled with clayey earth and mortar with the addition of bamboo reeds, and straw for the thermal insulation of the floor that protects from high summer temperatures.
TRAINING AND EXCHANGE OF GOOD AGRONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL PRACTICES WITH LOCAL FARMERS
In order to favour the development of the local economy, the main “gap” to fill is the cultural and competitive one. Local traders, craftsmen and farmers are still linked to ancient traditions and customs that often conflict with work efficiency and sustainable development. An important first step is the exchange of information and good agronomic, commercial and technological practices, first of all the introduction of renewable energies.
Main areas of intervention: engines and machinery with lower environmental impact, more efficient processing, construction methods that respect the safety of workers, methods of storage and safe transport of agricultural products and semi-finished products, safe packaging for food.